I’m going to start this post by saying hats off to Big Soda…they sure do a fine job of spreading misinformation.

xxx

Last week the I Quit Sugar team and I launched a huge campaign for an Australian sugar tax on sugar soft drinks.

Click to sign now if you like.

Jamie Oliver did similar in the UK and, with 155,000 signatures, was able to influence UK Parliament to commit to a 20 per cent tax on sugary soft drinks in 2018. The folk behind his campaign – change.org – approached me to do the same here.

Wonderfully, on the weekend, Jamie Oliver got on board and endorsed my petition.
Wonderfully, on the weekend, Jamie Oliver got on board and endorsed my petition by sharing my link. You can do the same, adding your own empassioned message. Simply click here.

We now have 15,000 signatures. And counting.

Click to sign now to add to the tally.

Anyway, I’ve become a little frustrated about the push-back from some to the campaign. I love debate and constructive questioning of anything I do. I’m grateful for it. It keeps me on my toes and committed to getting closer to truth. But I tend to get frustrated when push-back is wedded to the black and white and lazy blanket statements. Or, worse, arguments literally sponsored by Big Food and Big Soda.

Sorry to be grumpy. I’ll get practical now. Here’s a rundown of what I think are sensible answers to some of the pushback floating about.

Consider it an antidote to Big Soda’s magnificent multi-billion dollar effort to shut the debate down.

Consider it my brazen attempt to get you (beg you) to sign’n’share, sign’n’share. We will be doing a roll call of faces and names who’ve got on board, starting with Jamie Oliver, Alexx Stuart, Emma Isaacs, the Obesity Coalition, Lee Holmes and Rough and Bare (thanks Friends!).

1. “All sugary foods should be targeted, not just soft drink.”

True. It’s not the bubbles or the water that makes soft drink so dangerous. It’s the sugar, which is also found in 80-90  per cent of products in supermarkets.

Does this mean we don’t start somewhere? No!

Soft drink is the low-hanging fruit. Few dispute that they are crappy contributions to life. Even Big Soda is having to concede this. It’s a starting point that can get traction.

Plus, liquid sugar is the most dangerous kind. It’s a huge (9 teaspoons-plus for a standard can of soft drink) and fast (due to it being a liquid) dumping to the liver. The liver struggles to deal with such a large and fast injection of the white stuff, and it’s subsequent reaction is what leads to the metabolic disasters we know as diabetes, heart disease, obesity etc.

Add to this:

  • Aussie kids 2-16 years, get almost 30 per cent of their daily sugar intake from soft drinks. It’s the perfect place to start this fight.
  • The average Aussie kid drinks 1.2 cans of soft drink a day.

I’ll say it again. We have to start somewhere. We can’t afford to put the kibosh on an initiative – possibly the only one that will get up in our lifetime – that could get traction. I mean, really?

2. “Oh, don’t be extreme, everything in moderation.”

Ah yes, the moderation line.

Big Soda likes to use it  quite a bit. It’s a great tactic. This conglomeration of vested interests that regularly release illicitly sponsored studies that exonerate their products then, next breath, trawl out the “everything in moderation” argument. They also suggest we can drink their cans of fizzy water with 10 teaspoons of added sugar, but we really need to be burning off those calories with a good run or bike ride. Calories in, calories out, people!

Which would be a super argument if there were a skerrick of science to it. The body doesn’t work this way. We’re a little more complex. Indeed, we are consuming no more calories than we did 70 years ago, doing more exercise, and yet obesity has skyrocketed. Um, at the same rate as our sugar consumption.

No matter. Their equation is lovely and simple and it sticks with the public, especially when they throw hundreds of millions at “educating” us on it. Yes, they call it education.

3. “Another tax??! It should be about personal responsibility.”

Not that boring old chestnut.

Says Coca-Cola’s CEO: “Americans need to be more active and take greater responsibility for their diets.” The American Beverage Association has said similar.

The specifics of sugar’s impact on our health are such that we can’t do “self-control”. Or moderation.

It’s addictive and it’s the only food molecule on the planet that switches off our appetite hormones. That is, we have no “off switch” for sugar. Why so? Back when we had to hunt down our calories, and sugar was a scarcity (a few bitter berries and beehives here and there), it made sense to have a unique capacity to binge on it because, wait for it, sugar is the best source of fat on the planet.

It also made sense to not burn off these sugar calories in their sourcing. That would just be silly. Ergo, so is the “you just need to go for a jog” argument.

Plus it’s force-fed to us by the food industry. Most Australians have no choice about how much sugar they eat because it’s mostly hidden from them.

As I wrote in my op-ed for The Guardian yesterday,

There is absolutely no personal responsibility argument when there’s no choice.

The Guardian covered this off really nicely in another feature last week if you want to do a long read on it.

And we interviewed Dr Aseem Malhotra over at IQuitSugar.com where he echoes my thoughts, concluding: “The personal responsibility argument is complete and utter nonsense.”

As a relevant aside, I really like this line put forward by Sydney Morning Herald economics editor Peter Martin after former treasurer Joe Hockey arked up on Twitter about the UK’s sugar tax.

(Joe Hockey) replied: “Why is your default more tax or more regulations to ‘control’ individual behaviour? How about the idea of personal responsibility?”

Two years earlier, he had had four-fifths of his stomach removed because he had been unable to control what he ate.

Personal responsibility is easy to speak about, hard to practice.

Sugar is one of the reasons.

4. “But sin taxes don’t work!”

Nope, I can’t agree with this, I’m afraid. There is already sufficient evidence that “sin taxes” do reduce consumption. Various studies show a 20 per cent hike in soft drink prices could slash consumption by up to 24 per cent, and case studies in France, Hungary and Mexico show such taxes do impact sales.

Plus, an Australian study last week confirmed this tax in Australia could save more than 1600 lives and raise $400 million a year for health initiatives.

Click to sign now if feeling convinced.

5. “We should be targeting education, not taxing consumers.”

Seriously? You’re going to actually argue we can’t have a tax and continue educating the community?!

I’ve been working on the education side of things for 5 1/2 years. Tirelessly. Trust me, we need government intervention, too.

I’ll also flag:

  • We did a survey with thousands of readers to ask what they’d like me to tackle to help them manage sugar in their families. Guess what? A sugar tax – lobbying for government intervention – was number two on the wish list. Ahead of education.

Plus,  look what’s happened! This sugar tax debate has got the nation talking…and through this we all get educated. It’s a double boon.

The UK Behavioral Insights team that worked on the UK Sugar Tax campaign says the signalling effect of the sugar tax is just as important as the direct economic effect to consumers. It sends the message sugared drinks are bad for your health and that there are alternatives.

And what’s to say revenue from a sugar tax can’t be used to educate children about nutrition? The UK Government has already pledged to put the tax revenue back into schools.

Why would we put the kibosh on a tax without acknowledging this??

6. “Make healthy food cheaper instead!”

Again, I’d agree with you (and so would the World Health Organization) that we need to also be subsidising real food. I will be suggesting this solution to Scott Morrison when I present the petition – to use the tax to subsidise fresh fruit and veg.

Consider this:

  • 85 per cent of Australians support the idea of a soft drink tax if the revenue was used for programs to reduce childhood obesity and encourage children to play sports.

Honestly, we can’t afford to be pushing back on a tax because we think it excludes making healthy food more accessible. That just doesn’t make any sense!!

7. “This is just another tax on the poor.”

Sure, statistically, there is higher soft drink consumption in demographics of socioeconomic disadvantage. So this tax is likely to impact them more, as does any consumption tax. But, flipside, it’s these demographics that need the most help. The poorer the area, the more rampant the sugar advertising (hello, Mexico), and the higher the obesity rates.

I’ve been abused across social media in the wake of my campaign, accused of being elitist, born with a silver spoon in my gob and so on. I don’t feel like defending myself here by explaining nothing is further from the truth. So I won’t. Because it’s got nothing to do with the fact I’m now, in my 40s, in a position to campaign on what matters to me and that I have a responsibility to do so.

Moving on…

It’s also been shown the burden of the tax on consumers is “almost negligible”. A senior research fellow at Monash University Centre for Health Economics told media last week, “Low-income individuals would reduce consumption the most and they would be the most to benefit in terms of weight reduction.”

A coalition of Australian scientists and stakeholders, including Deakin University, The University of Queensland, the Obesity Coalition and the Cancer Council, last week drew on science to show that an Australian sugar tax would prevent 4400 heart attacks and 1100 strokes, and save the health care system $609 million over 25 years.

Deep breath. I’ve said enough for now.

Please do feel free to argue with me on the above points. But please be reasonable, researched and considered. And please do feel free to onpass this post to any skeptics in your orbit.

And please…can I ask you to help me out with this campaign.
It’s simple:

  1. Sign the I Quit Sugar petition at Change.Org/sugartaxAU.
  2. Remember to click the button to share on Facebook.
  3. If you’re an influencer on social media, please share across Instagram, Twitter etc in your own way, or share one of my tiles on my Instagram and highlight the hashtags #sugartaxAU #sugartax and URL Change.Org/sugartaxAU 

Have your say, leave a comment.

  • Gemma

    Nothing to do with sugar tax (sorry)…..I just picked up a recent copy of Good Health & had to do a double take. You are the splitting image of Catrina Roundtree (or vice versa).

  • Miss M

    Hi Sarah,

    I haven’t quit sugar but up until today I have enjoyed following your blog for years. I have found it both educational and entertaining. Today I find myself disappointed and sadly my first comment here will also be my last.

    I don’t agree with a sugar tax, I don’t find that it is a fair reason to make people pay extra just because they choose not to follow a particular lifestyle. You have found what works for you and have built a wonderful empire from it, people can choose to take your advice or they can choose to leave it. I have read every single one of your posts and even though i find the information most valuable i still choose and prefer some sugary chocolate most of the time.

    I think it’s time I unfollow as I think this campaign is going a little too far.

    Good Luck
    Miss M

  • I don’t know how much a can of pop is in Australia but in the UK it’s certainly not cheap so this whole tax on the poor bullshit doesn’t wash. Also, it IS cheap to eat well when you shop properly. If we have a “junk” meal it tends to cost us way more than If we were to have a healthy meal.

    Plus, in the UK the additional cost on a can of pop is going to be around 8p. Considering prices vary from place to place I doubt anyone will even notice.

    • fair point. but my argument stands – it agitates, it gets Big Soda having to shift, it gets us talking and thinking about our choices

      • Yeah and I agree with you Sarah. I was just pointing out this who say it’s a tax on the poor etc are talking rubbish. Something has to be done and it’s a good starting point. Take a look at the way Coca Cola have reacted in UK already for example 🙂

  • Carol

    Great post Sarah. Point7 and 3 really drive me mad. Personal responsibiliy – my sister in law works as a nurse in the dental surgery of the city hospital. She said every day there are little kids getting their milk teeth removed because they have rotted due to excess sugar. When in the clinic she said some mothers say “oh youre being so good I’ll get you a treat when we leave”…are these the kids that are supposed to take responsibility is it? Or is it their ignorant parents who are supposed to do? The personal responsibility argument presumes that everyone is coming from the same educated informed starting point and thats not the case. Unfortunately some children have totally useless parents who wont take responsibility.
    As for the tax on the poor. Give me a break. Big Soda and Big Food purposely aggressively market to that demographic. They exploit them with their special offers and 2 for 1 campaigns. It makes me so mad even to think about

  • rachel

    Good luck with the campaign…

    Sadly the people (normal people who get up, drive to work, do the least they can in their job and go home and watch TV and only think of themselves and their need type folk) in Australia are down right lazy and full of apathy… I reckon if an Aussies home was burning down they would still sit watching TV and drinking their can of beer.

    Sorry to be cynical but having lived in London, Paris and Berlin where people get behind things and stand up for what is wrong Oz is a very frustrating place to live!

    Australia needs to change. We need people to be less influenced by mainstream media and less entitled.

    I hope this works…. Good Luck

    • Mel

      Hi rach,
      Nice generalisation and narrow mindedness. We are all so different in Australia that little description doesn’t really wash. You sound so cultured to have lived OVERSEAS! Wow. Just in case you haven’t been following because you were living in such refined cities sipping your wine while we just drink our beer on the couch watching our neighbours burn, but Sarah got her massive following here first. Quiting sugar. Lighten up.

  • Lisa

    Do they put real sugar in sodas in Australia? Or should it be called the HFCS tax?

    • they put sugar. HFCS only in products imported from US

  • Ananda Mahony

    Hi Sarah,

    As a nutritionist I fully support the tax on sugar and have signed your petition – thanks for championing this cause. However, just a point of clarification – correlation isn’t causation. Just because obesity is on the rise and at the same time so is sugar consumption (in the US), it doesn’t mean that sugar is the cause of obesity. It seems such a logical jump, and I agree, a likely one but from a research perspective the link is a strong correlation not a direct cause.

    There is strong evidence that sugar-sweetened soft drinks are linked to obesity but overall it would seem that sugar consumption in Australia (as compared the the US) is falling. However, data collection about sugar consumption by government agencies is not occurring in Australia so the point above may not reflect real consumption. In any case this doesn’t mean that sugar-sweetened beverages shouldn’t be a target or indeed refined sugar in particular because of the health risks overall but it does confound the sugar = obesity story somewhat. Perhaps rather than total sugar consumption I think your point about the way we are consuming sugar i.e. 8 teaspoons with not fat or fiber to slow down absorption is a significant part of this story.

    It is also important to discuss other factors with sugar consumption for example in Australian children, the level of salt consumed is related to fluid consumption and particularly sugar-sweetened beverages highlighting a a potential link between salt intake and childhood obesity. Most salt intake comes from processed food intake so maybe that can be the next target as salt consumption can be significantly reduced without impacting on overall food taste. Or just move families and therefore children away from processed foods, which you are doing a fab job at promoting.

    Thanks again for your work.

  • Beth

    Hear, hear on the sugar tax. Tobacco has been proven to be damaging to our health and is taxed appropriately. Sugary drinks should be no different.

    Thanks Sarah for your persistence and for devoting your skills, knowledge and energy on such an important topic.

  • Lynda

    Advocacy matters. Thanks Sarah. A big picture outlook is important in casting a broader perspective well beyond the individual and as you so powerful put “there is absolutely no personal responsibility argument when there is no choice”. I enjoy this community space in working towards social good. Choice is a critical factor. Data reveals people living in lower socioeconomic areas are inundated with fast food eateries and generally have poor infrastructure all of which impacts on choice. For those interested there was a great article recently in SMH Feb 26 by Marcus Strom titled “Lunch with Marion Nestle; the powerful foodie taking on soda giants.

    Marion was recently in Australia and gave a lecture at Sydney University with the Charles Perkins Centred titled “Soda politics: lessons from the food movement”. It can be viewed via the Sydney University website for those interested.

    Marion is also a powerful advocate and views Australian Obesity as a class, geographic and ethnic issue. Marcus Strom draws attention to Indigenous Affairs Minister, Nigel Scullion who affirms “sugar is just killing the population”. A critical perspective is warranted on how this came to be. A suggestion offered in the lecture series is by Indigenous author Bruce Pascoe tilted Dark Emu: black seeds

  • Mel

    I find it very strange that you are vehemently opposed to ‘personal responsibility’ in this instance, whereas you have gone on the record on more than one occasion claiming that things like wearing a helmet or drinking raw milk should not be dictated to by lawmakers but by the common sense of citizens. Why can’t citizens exercise their common sense in this case? If people are buying a lot of processed food and ‘unknowingly’ consuming a lot of hidden sugar then I would argue that they are not entirely health conscious to begin with. The choice is – not buying any processed food. It’s not difficult! As you know, eating whole, real foods as close to natural as possible is the only way to avoid hidden sugars (and salts, chemicals etc). The real challenge is educating people, not charging them more for something that they’re going to buy regardless unless they know better.